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University of Southern Denmark IMADA - Department of Mathematics and Computer Science

The Relative Worst Order Ratio Applied to Paging
Joan Boyar, Lene M. Favrholdt, Kim S. Larsen
Journal of Computer and System Sciences, to appear

The relative worst-order ratio, a relatively new measure for the quality of on-line algorithms, is extended and applied to the paging problem. We obtain results significantly different from those obtained with the competitive ratio. First, we devise a new deterministic paging algorithm, Retrospective-LRU, and show that, according to the relative worst-order ratio and in contrast with the competitive ratio, it performs better than LRU. Our experimental results, though not conclusive, are slightly positive and leave it possible that Retrospective-LRU or similar algorithms may be worth considering in practice. Furthermore, the relative worst-order ratio (and practice) indicates that LRU is better than the marking algorithm FWF, though all deterministic marking algorithms have the same competitive ratio. Look-ahead is also shown to be a significant advantage with this new measure, whereas the competitive ratio does not reflect that look-ahead can be helpful. Finally, with the relative worst-order ratio, as with the competitive ratio, no deterministic marking algorithm can be significantly better than LRU, but the randomized algorithm MARK is better than LRU.

The publication is available from ScienceDirect (subscription may be required).